Martial arts come in many different types. They also originated in many different countries, particularly Japan, Korea, Brazil, America, and countries in Europe. The purpose of martial arts is primarily for self-defense, sport, or exercise.
Some of the most famous types of martial arts include Kickboxing, Judo, Karate, Aikido, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, Traditional boxing, Krav Maga, Brazilian Jui-Jitsu, and Wrestling. If you want to learn more, check out this infographic presented by Robbins Sports.